So I’ve confirmed or ID’d and added the Latin name for the plants in the order of the photographs below.
Image_5614: red elder (Sambucus racemosa) Not the medicinal Black Elder (Sambucus nigra or canadensis). ID notes: The black elder is in bloom around now and goes to fruit in September, although this may be a week or two earlier where you are. The inflorescence/flower cluster of black elder is in an umbel shape instead of a raceme/panicle, and the berries are never as red as red elder, they are a purple colour.
IMG_5622: burdock (Actium lappa)
IMG_5648: yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
IMG_5653: mullein (Verbascum thapsus)
IMG_5579 & 5582: red clover (Trifolium pratense)
IMG_5586: St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum)
IMG_5620: I can’t tell 100% from this image, but I’m fairly sure it’s false solomans seal (Maianthemum racemosum)
IMG 5650: This looks like a catsear (Hypochaeris spp.) or something similar like hawkbit (Leontodon autumnalis) The leaves in the plant in your photo are different from both of these plants and I’m not sure what it is, but it’s not dandelion for sure.
IMG_5656: chicory (Cichorium intybus)
So you got most of the plants you thought you did. The only plants I did not see in your photos are plantain and wild rose.